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Murder of Holocaust survivor galvanizes France

Alain Ndigal, left, and Ruth Grammens at the memorial march in Paris for Mireille Knoll, March 28.

Alain Ndigal, left, and Ruth Grammens at the memorial march in Paris for Mireille Knoll, March 28.

PARIS — After French authorities swiftly filed hate-crime charges against the Muslim suspect in the murder of a Holocaust survivor in Paris, for many Jews at a vigil in her memory, all eyes were on a young African Muslim man who unceremoniously entered the synagogue and sat in the back row: Lassana Bathily.

He is a 27-year-old from Mali whom many consider a hero because he hid a dozen people from the jihadist who killed four Jews at a kosher store in 2015.

After the vigil, dozens of people huddled around Bathily — some to hug him, others only to shake his hand and several to pose for a selfie with him.

Some women crossed over from their section of the synagogue to greet Bathily and thank him for coming, addressing him in the familiar tu pronoun rather than the vous that they would normally use with strangers.

Several people said his presence offers hope amid growing despair over the proliferation of anti-Semitic violence and the apparent inability by authorities to stop it.

“The minister is here and Mayor Anne Hidalgo is also here, and that’s important because their commitment to the values of the French Republic is imperative for the survival of Jewish life here,” David Mechal, a Jewish man from the suburb of Sarcelles, told JTA.

“But real change is not up to them. It’s up to people like Lassana, so it’s moving to see him with us here, standing with us in solidarity in our hour of need.”

For Bathily, who has consistently rejected assertions that he was a hero, attending the vigil was “an act of solidarity,” but also a message, he told JTA.

“I want to tell the Jews of France, you are not isolated. You are not abandoned. This is your country,” said Bathily, who himself became a French citizen by power of an executive decree weeks after the bloodbath at the HyperCacher store in recognition of his role in saving people from the perpetrator.

“Do not leave France, stay here,” he added. “There are many like me who support you.”

Bathily was among many non-Jews who showed up for commemoration events last week in memory of Mireille Knoll, whose killing shocked many Frenchmen because of its brutality — she was stabbed 11 times before her body was torched — but also because she survived the 1942 roundup of Jews by French police working for the Nazis.

Some non-Jews at the march, which had at least 10,000 participants, were holding signs reading “don’t touch my buddy.”

Others, like Alain Ndigal, a 48-year-old mechanic of African descent, wore Israeli flags.

“I am here to support French Jews, sure, but I’m also here to support myself and other Frenchmen,” said Ndigal, a devout Christian. “We know by now that what begins with the Jews never ends with them. We are also in the crosshairs.”

French Jews appeared to have been the overwhelming majority at the march, despite calls by organizers of the CRIF umbrella group of French Jewish communities for non-Jews to attend.

Marine Le Pen, the far-right politician who CRIF President Francis Kalifat said was not welcome at the rally, showed up anyway. Dozens of her supporters shouted “Marine is with us” as others shouted “N for Nazi,” referencing the first letter of her National Front party. French Jews believe it is a hotbed of anti-Semitism, though she denies the assertion.

Jean-Luc Melenchon, a far-left politician whom CRIF said engages in anti-Semitic rhetoric, also showed up despite being asked not to.

Attendance by non-Jews at commemorative events for victims of anti-Semitism is a major issue to many French Jews, who feel their society is more likely to focus on Islamist violence when it is directed at non-Jews.

“It’s an impressive mobilization, for sure,” Vincent Cohen told JTA at the march. “But I look around and I see around me the same people who came to the HyperCacher vigil, the same people who showed up at the march for Sarah Hamili.”

Halimi was an elderly Jewish woman who, according to prosecutors, was killed by her Muslim neighbor in Paris last year.

“I see mostly graying Jews. This place looks like a CRIF conference and it slightly depresses me,” Cohen said.

Daniel Knoll touched on this point in a highly emotional eulogy he delivered at the synagogue for his mother.

“I look around and I want to see everyone, not only Jews, but people of all colors, all faiths, at these events,” he said.

Referencing how hatred of Israel sometimes morphs into hatred of Jews in France, he asked: “But why hate Israel in the first place? It’s a good place, based on justice. Why hate Israelis? My daughters are Israelis. They are wonderful, compassionate women.”

Visibly grief-stricken, Daniel Knoll told the crowd that “he has no answers for those questions,” or the question with which he concluded his speech: “How do I go on now, without a mother, with this terrible pain?”

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