JERUSALEM For several years, the Jerusalem suburb of Bet Shemesh has been the site of on-again, off-again religious conflicts, sometimes becoming violent.
But it wasnt until the plight of a fearful eight-year-old girl from a modern Orthodox immigrant family from America was broadcast on Israels Channel 2 last weekend that the religious tensions in Bet Shemesh captured
the nations attention, including that of Israels prime minister and its president.
World media have also latched onto the story, highlighting internal divisions within the Jewish population of Israel.
In the Channel 2 broadcast, the girl, Naama Margolis, told a reporter that she is afraid to walk the 300 yards from her home to her modern Orthodox girls school for fear that the haredi Orthodox men who protest outside of the school will hurt her.
Video showed Naamas mother encouraging her to walk the short way to school punctuated by the girls whimpers and cries of No, No.
Some haredi residents of Bet Shemesh, a suburb of some 80,000 people, are upset about the opening in September of a modern Orthodox girls school, Orot, across the street from their neighborhood.
Confrontations between haredi Orthodox and modern Orthodox Jews opposite the school have waxed and waned since the beginning of the school year, and have resulted in violence.
Haredi protesters have tossed objects and slurs at the young girls.
Haredi opponents of the school say the girls and their mothers dress immodestly, with sleeves and skirts that are insufficiently long.
AFTER Margolis story aired over the weekend, the dispute in Bet Shemesh became national news and the violence ratcheted up a notch.
On Sunday, Dec. 25, haredi protesters surrounded and threw stones at city workers removing signs calling for the separation of the sexes on city streets.
When haredi activists put up new signs to replace them, the police who returned to remove them Monday encountered violence by about 300 haredi men who threw stones at police and burned trash cans, according to Haaretz.
On Tuesday evening, some 2,000 defenders of the girls secular and modern Orthodox countered with a rally at the school against attempts to exclude women from the public sphere in Israel.
Free Israel from religious coercion, read one sign at the rally. Stop Israel from becoming Iran, read another.
We are struggling over Israels character not only in Bet Shemesh and not only over the exclusion of women but against all the extremists who have come out of the woodwork to try and impose their worldview on us, opposition leader Tzipi Livni, head of the Kadima Party, said at the rally.
Haredi religious leaders denounced the violence as a means of making their point, which is that permissiveness, promiscuity and immodsty have become rampant in Israel and a subculture has a right to set different standards for itself, in its own neighborhoods.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has called on the Israel Police to act aggressively against violence aimed at women.
Netanyahu also reportedly spoke with Attorney General Yehuda Weinstein to make certain that laws against excluding women from public spaces are enforced.
The exclusion of women goes against the tradition of the Bible and the principles of Judaism, Netanyahu told participants at a Bible contest Tuesday evening.
Kadima lawmaker Nachman Shai submitted a bill to the Knesset on Tuesday that would make publicizing, inciting, preaching or encouraging gender segregation in the public sphere a criminal act punishable by three years in prison.
Israeli President Shimon Peres urged Israelis to attend Tuesdays rally.
Today is a test for the nation, not just for the police. All of us, religious, secular, traditional must as one man defend the character of the State of Israel against a minority which breaks our national solidarity, Peres told reporters Tuesday.
THE haredi Orthodox mayor of Bet Shemesh, Moshe Abutbul, decried the violence against young girls and the exclusion of women.
Bet Shemesh denounces such behavior. Violent men belong behind bars. I urge the Israel Police to act with a firm hand against all the rioters, he said, adding that reporters should not make assumptions about all haredi Orthodox Israelis.
Following the violence, the Bet Shemesh municipality said it would install hundreds of security cameras in areas where harassment of women was occurring.