WASHINGTON The moment in the final presidential debate when President Obama described his visit to Israels national Holocaust museum and to the rocket-battered town of Sderot seemed to be aimed right for the kishkes.
The kishkes question the persistent query about how Obama really feels about Israel in his gut drives some of the presidents Jewish supporters a little crazy.
Alan Solow, a longtime Obama fundraiser and the immediate past chairman of the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations, said at a training session at the Democratic convention that he hated the kishkes question.
It reflects a double standard which our community should be ashamed of. There hasnt been one other president who has been subject to the kishkes test, Solow told the gathering of Jewish Democrats.
But its a question that has dogged the president nevertheless, fueled by tensions with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu over settlements, the peace process and Irans nuclear program.
Obamas Jewish campaign has tried to put these questions to rest by emphasizing his record on Israel, with a special focus on strengthened security ties.
In July, the Obama campaign released an eight-minute video that includes footage of Israeli leaders including Netanyahu speaking about the presidents support for the Jewish state.
The Obama campaign also has worked to highlight the domestic issues on which most Jewish voters overwhelmingly agree with the presidents liberal positions.
Republicans, meanwhile, have made Obamas approach to Israel a relentless theme of their own Jewish campaign. Billboards on Florida highways read Obama, Oy Vey! and direct passersby to a website run by the Republican Jewish Coalition featuring former Obama supporters expressing disappointment with the presidents record on Israel and the economy.
POLLS show large majorities of Jewish voters ranging between 65 and 70% in polling before the debates support the presidents reelection. A September survey from the American Jewish Committee found strong majorities of Jewish voters expressing approval of the presidents performance on every single issue about which they were asked.
The survey also found that only very small numbers said Israel or Iran were among their top priorities.
But Republicans are not hoping to win a majority of the Jewish vote.
Theyre looking to capture a larger slice of this historically Democratic constituency, which gave between 74% and 78% of its vote to Obama in 2008.
According to the AJC survey, the president was weakest with Jews on US-Israel relations and Iran policy, with sizable minorities of nearly 39% expressing disapproval of his handling of each of these two issues, with almost as many saying they disapproved of Obamas handling of the economy.
Critics of the presidents Middle East record have pointed to Obamas difficult relationship with Netanyahu.
Top Jewish aides to Obama say that differences between the president and Netanyahu were inevitable.
The conversations between them, they are in the kind of frank detailed manner that close friends share, said Jack Lew, Obamas chief of staff. Lew spoke to JTA from Florida, where he was campaigning in a personal capacity for the presidents reelection.
It should surprise no one that there have been some political disagreements. The prime minister, even on the Israeli political spectrum, is center right; the president, on the American spectrum, is center left.
But you could not have a closer working relationship.
THE relationship between the two men was beset by mutual suspicions before either even took office. In February, 2008, at a meeting with Cleveland Jewish leaders, then-candidate Obama said that being pro-Israel did not have to mean having an unwavering pro-Likud stance.
Dennis Ross, who had served as Obamas top Middle East adviser, said the president was able to set aside whatever philosophical concerns he had about Netanyahu and his Likud Party.
Once it became clear who he was going to be dealing with, you work on the basis of you deal with whichever leader was there, said Ross, who is now a counselor at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy.
Republicans have zeroed in on remarks Obama made at a July, 2009 meeting with Jewish leaders. After one of the attendees encouraged Obama to avoid public disagreements with Israel and keep to a policy of no daylight between the two countries, the president reportedly responded that such an approach had not yielded progress toward peace in the past.
In their debates, Romney has picked up on this issue in his criticisms of Obama, accusing the president of saying he was going to create daylight between ourselves and Israel.
The Republican nominees supporters amplified the criticism. Romney will stand with Israel not behind her, but beside her with no daylight in between, the Republican Jewish Coalition said in a statement after the final presidential debate.
Yet Obamas performance in that debate in which he repeatedly cited Israels concerns about developments in the region, from Syria to Iran, and took what was perhaps his toughest line to date on Irans nuclear program drew accolades from his Jewish supporters.
He made me very proud last night for many reasons, but especially for his unequivocal, rock solid declarations of support for Israel, Robert Wexler, the former Florida congressman who has become one of the campaigns top Jewish surrogates, told JTA the next day, speaking from South Florida, where he was campaigning for the president.
At one point in the debate, Romney had criticized Obama for not having visited Israel as president. Obama pivoted, contrasting his own visit to Israel as a candidate in 2008 to Romneys visit in July, which included a fundraiser with major GOP donors.
And when I went to Israel as a candidate, I didnt take donors, I didnt attend fundraisers, I went to Yad Vashem, the the Holocaust museum there, to remind myself of the the nature of evil and why our bond with Israel will be unbreakable, Obama said.
And then I went down to the border towns of Sderot, which had experienced missiles raining down from Hamas, he continued.
And I saw families there who showed me where missiles had come down near their childrens bedrooms, and I was reminded of of what that would mean if those were my kids, which is why, as president, we funded an Iron Dome program to stop those missiles.
So thats how Ive used my travels when I travel to Israel and when I travel to the region.
Romney, the Times of Israel reported, has also been to Yad Vashem and Sderot on past trips to Israel.
The Obama camp apparently saw in the presidents answer an effective response to questions about the presidents kishkes. It was quickly excerpted for a video that was posted online by the Obama campaign.
Solow said that based on his campaigning, he doesnt see Jewish voters generally buying into the kishkes anxiety expressed in the past by some Jewish community leaders.
Id like to think our community is more sophisticated than that, and if were not, we should be, Solow said.
The president has a longstanding relationship with and interest in the Jewish community, and he takes pride in that, he said.