WASHINGTON In accepting the notion of a demilitarized Palestinian state, Benjamin Netanyahu in his speech Sunday adopted what is essentially the position of a large swath of Israelis and American Jews.
This week, Israelis and many Jewish groups on the left and right were applauding the Israeli prime minister for his stance.
Netanyahus comments on Palestinian statehood also pleased the White House, with President Obama calling the speech positive movement.
With concerns running high about an escalating diplomatic rift between Washington and Jerusalem, some Jewish organizational leaders expressed hope that Netanyahus shift would reduce tensions between Israel and the US over Jewish settlements in the West Bank.
The anxiety level is down for now, ADL national director Abraham Foxman said.
But a number of left-wing groups said that while Netanyahus acceptance of two states was a significant moment, they were disappointed by his failure to alter his position on Jewish settlement growth. And on the right, some categorized Netanyahus speech as a concession.
In a conference call Monday with members of the Conference of Presidents, Netanyahu used the catch phrase two states for two peoples and said it was possible to have effective security arrangements to accompany a Palestinian state.
There were a lot of conditions, Obama said Monday to reporters, and obviously working through the conditions on Israels side for security, as well as the Palestinian side for sovereignty and territorial integrity and the capacity to have a functioning, prosperous state, thats exactly what negotiations are supposed to be about.
But what were seeing is at least the possibility that we can restart serious talks.
JEWISH groups across the spectrum, including the major Orthodox, Conservative and Reform organizations, praised Netanyahus new position, as did AIPAC.
Netanyahu effectively challenged proponents of a Palestinian state to understand that Israel will not only accept, but even assist in, the creation of a Palestinian state so long as doing so does not and cannot threaten the physical security and Jewish integrity of Israel, the Orthodox Union said in a statement.
J Street executive director Jeremy Ben-Ami said that seeing the head of the most center-right government in history recognize a two-state solution was a momentous development and an important sea change.
In Israel, 71% of those interviewed in a Haaretz-Dialog poll said Netanuyahu said the right things in his speech.
There is general agreement in the American Jewish community that a Palestinian state should not be permitted to have a military.
The principle is part of the Geneva Initiative, an unofficial peace proposal put forth in 2003 by Israeli and Palestinian politicians and promoted since by a host of left-wing groups.
The key issue is how to balance demilitarization with the need for a Palestinian police force to have weapons to keep domestic order, Ben-Ami said, and that will have to be worked out in negotiations.
Ori Nir, the spokesman for Americans for Peace Now, said Netanyahus endorsement of the idea of a Palestinian state was significant, but not enough.
I didnt see any give on his part on settlements, Nir said.
Malcolm Hoenlein, the executive vice chairman of the Presidents Conference, called recognition of Israel as a Jewish state a fundamental principle and said no peace agreement can be truly successful if your partner doesnt accept you.
They have to overcome this Rubicon, Hoenlein said.
IN an indication that some on the right saw in Netanyahus speech a negative development rather than a positive one, the Zionist Organization of America condemned the address as concessionary.
Israel has made yet another one-sided concession by publicly accepting a Palestinian state, with qualified exceptions, and received nothing in return for this major concession, ZOA president Morton Klein said.
The speech makes it look like Israel is caving into pressure.
A number of Jewish organizational officials interpreted the Obama administrations lack of focus on Netanyahus refusal Sunday to commit to a settlement freeze as an indication that the White House wants to take the spotlight off that issue as negotiations are revived.
Initial White House statements on the speech didnt mention settlements at all.
On Monday, June 15, Obama reiterated his call for a cessation of settlements but didnt comment on that portion of Netanyahus speech.
I think the parties on the ground understand that if you have a continuation of settlements that in past agreements have been categorized as illegal, thats going to be an impediment to progress, Obama said.
The Obama administration wanted to emphasize the positive, said Sam Lewis, a former US ambassador to Israel and a senior policy adviser to the Israel Policy Forum.
Netanyahu said enough to give Obama and Mitchell US special Middle East enjoy George Mitchell some material to work with in pushing forward, Lewis said.