By Orit Arfa, JNA
MUHAMMAD ABU Marwan takes me through the artsy living room of Arabesque: An Arts and Residency Center in the Old City of Akko, Israel, with the noble air of an effendi, as if he were the proud owner.
Leading me into a beautifully tiled, luxurious guest room furnished with antiques, he explains how the room was once a stable for his sons horses.
It doesnt seem much love was lost on the horses, which were sold not long after Arabesques owner, American-born novelist and artist Evan Fallenberg, purchased the neglected, centuries-old property with the aim of turning it into a retreat space for intellectual types.
I consider him my partner even though hes really a neighbor, Fallenberg says, a few days after Arabesques April opening.
Abu Marwan is not an employee of Arabesque. His day job is custodian at a local school.
Were good neighbors together, Abu Marwan says in Hebrew. You wouldnt believe how it was before. The minute [Fallenberg] bought it, he cleaned it up.
Abu Marwans renovated kitchen where he happily introduces me to his wife as well as his visiting daughters and grandchildren overlooks the sparkling, peaceful courtyard. Over the years, Abu Marwans home had extended into the for-sale property.
I decided the best way to become a new member of this neighborhood was to say, Im going to cede that land and I will be content with my share of the courtyard, and they were only too happy to have those rooms, Fallenberg says.
ARABESQUE IS just one example of the kind of transformation taking place in what were once neglected properties in the historic Old City of Akko (Acre), a Western Galilee municipality famous for Crusader-Muslim showdowns and Napoleons failed attempt to take its port from the Ottomans.
In 2001,UNESCO named Acre a World Heritage Site, which spurred the municipality to cultivate world-class tourism attractions. Yet until now, Akko didnt have the high-end accommodations to match the designation.
Entrepreneurs are increasingly realizing how this mixed Jewish-Arab city offers a model of coexistence at a time when Muslim-Jewish tensions are heightened due to an increase in terror attacks.
With its stone seawall recalling the citys days as a fortress and a port, Akko evinces the antique charm of places like Jerusalem and Jaffa minus the commercialization.
These entrepreneurs have no intention of gentrifying Akkos Old City or tearing down any of the centuries-old, dilapidated buildings to make way for big developments.
Real estate investor Meir Davidson hadnt been to Akko since he was in third grade, when a friend told him about unconventional real estate opportunities here. All he could conjure up when he heard of Akko was good hummus, but when he came on a tour with a real estate agent, he discovered what he calls an unpolished diamond.
We came up with an idea to buy some more properties and to renovate them, and to make them tourists sites, Davidson explains from the roof of an Ottoman building he purchased and refurbished to include his own home and a chic B&B unit. The concept is that tourists become involved with the community and neighborhood.
For example, instead of serving breakfast at the 20 B&B units he plans to operate, Davidson will encourage visitors to take advantage of the local shuk (Arab marketplace) and restaurants that have made Akko a culinary destination.
Davidson is among the few Jews who live in the Old City, where most of the residents are Muslim Arabs. In the modern city of Akko, Jews comprise about 70% of the population.
Davidson moved to Akko to get a feel for the city, to ensure that changes are made with sensitivity to the local culture and with the residents cooperation not to mention for the breezy seaside view.
Working with the community is very important to us, Davidson says. Were not coming to change the city, clean up the city were coming to the city.
CHEN CARMI, a real estate agent who specializes in Akko Old City properties, believes that by and large the Arab residents welcome these kinds of bottom-up initiatives.
The renovations infuse new sources of income into the city. Most investors hire local contractors, technicians and custodians to revamp the properties from ancient dumps into rooms that would befit a Turkish pasha.
Compared to the costs of apartments for sale across Israel, the initial investment comes off as a bargain. For example, Carmi showed me a 115-square-meter (about 1,238 square-foot), two-story compound, replete with stone Ottoman arches, that is in the process of being turned into two guesthouses.
The property cost the buyer NIS 345,000 (about $93,000), not including the NIS 300,000 (about $80,000) renovation.
Investors never know what kind of architectural and even archaeological treasures they might find after some digging.
Stonework and even windows are often discovered only after peeling off drywall or plaster. The Israel Antiquities Authority then regulates how Old City properties are restored.
There is a type of person who values the uniqueness of antique properties, says Carmi, whose clients include investors from the US and Europe. But there are also more expenses in maintaining such properties.
To make a good return on investment, an investors best bet is to turn these properties into a tourism operation, like a guesthouse or gallery, since monthly rent in the Old City amounts to the cost of a few nights in a high-end hotel room.
Some of Carmis clients have turned their property into a vacation home.
While Davidsons tourist units are in a trial phase, he believes that Akko has been shielded from the violence plaguing cities like Jerusalem. Hes optimistic that the charm of Akko will trump fears people may have about venturing into a mixed city.
As a new resident and developer, he has not experienced hostility or complaints from locals, who largely recognize the benefits of peace between neighbors.
The encounter people have with Arabs via the media is violent and difficult, Davidson says, but whoever can be open, and see that they are good people and great neighbors and people with good hearts, will come here and try.