WHAT IF Moses never accepted the task to lead the Jews out of Egypt because of his speech impediment?
Award-winning author Chava Willig Levy, a polio survivor, uses the episode to illustrate what she calls a clear biblical precedent that people with disabilities have enormous potential.
”When G-d said to Moses, I’m tapping you to lead my people out of Egypt, Moses [countered], No, you’ve got the wrong guy. I’m disabled myself,” Levy says.
But G-d gets angry at Moses for doubting himself: Who do you think gave you that mouth?
Levy’s anecdote introduces a concept that frames the Jewish communal discussion on the inclusion of people with disabilities.
There is Judaism, and then there are Jews, she says, reflecting on the dissonance between the religions principles of universal inclusion and what Jewish society actually looks like.
On Dec. 17 in New York City, Levy was among at the attendees of the Ruderman Family Foundations first conference for Jews with disabilities who are self-advocates.
The event brought together lawyers, rabbis, writers, teachers and activists whose careers and undaunted energy counter misconceptions about people with disabilities.
The convening of disability self-advocates is an important step for our community in understanding how we can become a more just, inclusive, and welcoming society for everyone, says Jay Ruderman, president of the Foundation.
Ruderman believes that seeking out the advice of those people with disabilities who have been impacted the most by being excluded from our Jewish community provides the best way forward for the Jewish community.
LEVY CHRONICLES her journey in her popular memoir, A Life Not with Standing. Paralyzed at age three, she recalls a happy childhood despite her frequent visits to the hospital, her inability to attend school until age nine and the many other limitations in her livelihood.
”Having a disability is not tragic,” she says. ”What is tragic is the stigma.”
Levy sees language as the primary obstacle to inclusion.
As a first step, she describes the need for individuals to feel comfortable asking questions about people with disabilities.
In her interactive workshop — called Mommy, Whats Wrong with that Woman? — Levy confronts the embarrassment parents commonly feel about answering their child’s natural questions whenever they observe people with disabilities.
Likewise, she suggests that communities should be wary of imposing definitional labels, terms that clinically diagnose and are dismissive.
Using the verb to be is like placing an equal sign on a persons character, superficially categorizing their appearance or expression, she says.
Instead, Levy recommends functional labeling, which redirects peoples focus to the ways in which a person adapts and compensates for his or her disability, encouraging positive dialogue and perceptions.
CONFERENCE ATTENDEE Joseph D. Robbins, a poet and educator, works to improve institutional access to resources for people with disabilities. Robbins has dysgraphia, and without the benefit of computers and touch screens, he experiences extreme difficulty expressing his thoughts.
”Everyone with a disability has his or her horror story,” Robbins says, recalling old school teachers who failed to understand his condition and impossible homework assignments that brought him to tears.
Nonetheless, Robbins maintains that his early education was largely a positive experience. Throughout primary and secondary school, he received a warm welcome from teachers and peers, and says the prevailing attitude of the school board handling his case was, We’ll do anything.
While Robbins appreciates the caring mindset of his past educators, he notes that open-mindedness alone is insufficient support for people with disabilities.
“You need the goodness of the heart and a plan of action,” he says.
The poet references his senior year in college as a turning point, when he felt he had amassed enough tools and strategies to compensate for his disability.
He arrived at this point thanks to a regimented program employing specialists to work with him directly, twice a week.
As a result, he was ultimately able to complete graduate school independently.
His take-home message is that every educational institution can provide a high level of care through structured programming that maximizes the learning potential of any student with disabilities.
The challenge facing institutions lies in making advanced resources available.
That is why the Union for Reform Judaism and the Ruderman Foundation are developing DisabilitiesInclusion.org, an online platform designed to provide instructional videos on practical skills, disability care and awareness, and educational programming.
The primary goal of the program is to make all synagogue communities in North America more inclusive.
The Orthodox Union has sponsored a specialized program for the deaf, Our Way, for decades.
Another conference attendee, attorney Matan A. Koch, was appointed by President Barack Obama to the National Council on Disability.
Koch, who was diagnosed with cerebral palsy as a child, advises companies on how they can realize the full value of employees with disabilities.
As a consultant, Koche prompts his clients to reflect on the talents and shortcomings of all of their employees for business reasons, not just for the purpose of inclusion.
”We should be unabashed about business goals,” he says.
When you accommodate someone in the workplace, you enable them to do the things they do well and delegate what they cant manage.
Known for his sharp wit and critical thinking, Koch calls self-reflection the best mechanism to assess a persons potential a fitting message coming from a self-advocate.
”I think a real accounting of who we are is important to our development,” he says.
”Also, knowing oneself is coming to terms with ones weaknesses,” he says.