WASHINGTON Dogged by political scandal at home, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert headed here last week in search of a friendly crowd at the annual AIPAC policy conference.
While his tough talk on Iran drew strong applause from the pro-Israel audience, his calls for peace talks with Syria and the Palestinians fell flat.
Speaking to some 7,000 people June 3 at the annual conference of AIPAC, Olmert was interrupted by applause several times as he delivered a hawkish message against the Islamic Republic.
Israel will not tolerate the possibility of a nuclear Iran, and neither should any other country in the free world, Olmert said in a line that drew a standing ovation. The Iranian threat must be stopped by all possible means.
Olmert called for more drastic and robust measures against Iran, including sanctions by individual countries, sanctions on countries that refine gasoline for Iran, the expulsion of Iranian businessmen from countries around the world and a ban on bank transfers to or from Iran.
The international community has a duty and responsibility to clarify to Iran, through drastic measures, that the repercussions of their continued pursuit of nuclear weapons will be devastating, he said.
The prime ministers appearance before the pro-Israel lobby in Washington came at a somewhat awkward moment, with both Israel and the US caught in political transition.
In Israel, political pundits already are writing Olmerts political obituary following damning testimony last month that US businessman Morris Talansky gave Olmert $150,000 in cash payments over the course of 13 years. Olmert has denied any wrongdoing.
In the US, Olmerts speech coincided with the end of the US presidential primary season and Sen. Barack Obamas (D-Ill.) declaration of victory in the Democratic primaries over Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-NY).
Though he praised President Bush for his strong support for the Jewish state, Olmert was careful to emphasize the bipartisan nature of US support for Israel.
He deviated several times from prepared remarks distributed to reporters shortly before the speech to drive home this point, and he made note of the recent visit to Israel by US House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi, a Democrat.
Olmert also excised a reference from his prepared remarks about the dangers of choosing appeasement in the face of evil, thereby steering clear of the controversy sparked last month when Bushs warning against appeasement in a speech to the Israeli Knesset earned a sharp rebuke from the Obama campaign.
Obama interpreted the remark as a dig at his stated willingness to meet with Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad.
Several AIPAC activists and Jewish organizational officials said the tepid response to Olmerts speech appeared to be as much about the prime minister himself as any of his particular policy statements.
Nevertheless, some said they were impressed by Olmerts ability to pull off a strong speech, given his political troubles.
In the past few days, Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak has called for Olmert to step down, Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni warned Olmerts Kadima party to prepare for new primary elections and Israeli polls showed a majority of Israelis believe Olmert can no longer govern effectively.
The prime minister did not completely ignore these troubles in his AIPAC appearance.
Given the recent political developments in Israel, of which I am sure you are all aware, Olmert said with a smile as some members of the audience chuckled. I hesitated as to whether it was the right time and the right thing to leave behind and meet with you today. I promise you, I didnt hesitate for too long.
As the mayor of Jerusalem from 1993 to 2003, some Israelis mocked Olmerts penchant for trips abroad. One Israeli periodical maintained a running tally of days he was absent from the city.
Last year, Olmert addressed the AIPAC policy confab via video conference.
Though he talked tough on Iran, Olmert also spoke on June 3 of the importance of pursuing peace with Syria and the Palestinians. I know all too well the fears, suspicions and criticism which have always surrounded the Israeli-Syrian negotiations, and I do not take them lightly, he said.
I can only assure you that any future agreement, if and when it is reached, will be backed by all the necessary security guarantees, and that I will never compromise on anything which could undermine Israels security or vital interests.
The statement drew a lukewarm response.
As for the Palestinians, Olmert offered strong support for the president of the PA, Mahmoud Abbas, just two days after the PA leader slammed Israels newly announced plans to build 900 new homes in eastern Jerusalem neighborhoods that Palestinians claim as their land.
President Abbas and his government recognize Israels right to live in security and are as committed as we are to achieving peace, and have a genuine desire to see a Palestinian state living side by side with Israel, in peace and security, Olmert said.
That line, too, drew only scattered applause from the crowd.