SAY the word G-d and one tends to think of the beyond.
To the Rabbi Israel Salanter and his Musar disciples, say the word G-d and one should think of people.
Musar teaches that religion — coming close to G-d — is also about coming close to people.
This reorientation, in a nutshell, was the innovation of the Musar movement that Rabbi Israel began.
G-d-consciousness does not exclude humanism, and humanism need not exclude G-d.
And so, if we ask, is G-d inside us or outside us, the answer has to be both.